Man in high-vis vest installing solar panels on a roof


A key challenge for the Western Sydney region is balancing the demands of a growing urban population with the need to protect its unique natural environments.


The region features important rural and agricultural lands, rare and spectacular natural bushland. The area is home to remnants of native Cumberland Plain Bushland, the pristine World Heritage-listed areas of the Blue Mountains and the Hawkesbury-Nepean and Georges River systems and their catchments. 


As the region develops, wide scale vegetation clearing is significantly reducing certain ecological communities as well as habitat for native fauna. Vegetation clearing also creates a number of challenges from a water management and urban heat perspective.


Urban heat (where man-made surfaces such as concrete absorb and hold the sun’s heat) is an issue for all cities but Western Sydney’s unique geography and lack of sea-breeze means the region is already much hotter than its coastal counterparts.


According to recent research from the Office of Environment and Heritage, sprawling greenfield developments could see western Sydney experience between five and 10 additional hot days by 2030[i].


In addition to vegetation clearing, a growing population means greater levels of household and construction waste.


With landfill space in short supply, there is a need to not only plan for future waste infrastructure at the state level, but to promote recycling and reuse in order to reduce the amount of waste currently being produced by individuals and organisations.


The challenges facing Western Sydney are significant, however the region’s rapid growth also provides an opportunity to implement large-scale sustainability measures and new technologies across developing communities.


The NSW Government’s move towards regional and precinct planning, as seen in the establishment of the Greater Sydney Commission and the West’s Priority Growth Areas, also provides a significant opportunity to address large-scale issues relating to urban heat, biodiversity conservation and waste management at the regional level.


Urban growth is inevitable, however through good planning and management the impacts on both the natural environment and communities can be minimised.



Policy priorities:


  • Ensure the proposed Western Sydney airport is subject to stringent environmental controls including protection of the UNESCO listed Blue Mountains Greater World Heritage Area.
  • Ensure planning for biodiversity conservation and environmental management to be included in Metro Plans. Including support for revegetation and protection of the endangered Cumberland Plain Woodland.
  • Provide support and funding for urban and peri-urban (whole-of-catchment) water management strategies to reduce rates of runoff, restore riparian zones and manage aquatic weeds and flood mitigation.
  • Develop programs to assist with protecting biodiversity threatened by urban sprawl.
  • Develop energy efficiency programs to reduce our emissions and encourage use of the latest technologies in the region.
  • Ensure recycling and resource recovery is a priority for all major infrastructure projects in the region.
  • Develop a comprehensive urban heat mitigation and management strategy for Western Sydney.
  • Encourage the safe management and disposal of asbestos-containing materials.
  • Ensure planning for present and future waste management is included in the Sydney Metropolitan Plans.
  • Ensure firm controls to prevent environmental damage from coal seam gas exploration and mining.
Further information:


WSROC – Submission to the NSW Government regarding the proposed biodiversity conservation reform (Published 29 June, 2016)

Bankstown City Council – Biodiversity Strategic Plan (2015 – 2025) 

Blacktown City Council – Biodiversity Strategy (2011 – 2020) 

City of Parramatta – Life in our City Parramatta Biodiversity Strategy (2015 – 2025) 

Liverpool City Council – Biodiversity Management Plan 2012 

Penrith City Council – Penrith Biodiversity Strategy


Climate change adaptation 

Blacktown City Council - Responding to climate change policy and strategy

Parramatta City Council – Climate Extremes Risk Assessment and Adaptation Plan (2010) 


Environment and sustainability

Bankstown Environmental Action Plan (2010 – 2014) 

Blacktown City Council Environmental Sustainability Framework 

Blue Mountains City Council – Sustainable Blue Mountains 

City of Parramatta – Environmental Strategy 

Fairfield City Council Environmental Management Plan (2006 – 2016)

Liverpool City Council – Integrated Environmental Sustainability Action Plan 

Penrith City Council –  Penrith Sustainability  Strategy 2015 – 2021 


Waste and resource recovery

WSROC – Western Sydney Waste Avoidance and Resource Recovery Strategy (2014 - 2017)

WSROC – Western Sydney Regional Litter Plan (2016 - 2017)

WSROC – Waste Options Analysis Summary Report

WSROC – National Television and Computer Recycling Scheme – Operational Review (Published 5 September, 2016) 

WSROC – The Next Generation NSW Energy from Waste Submission (Published 5 September, 2016)

WSROC – Submission NSW Container Deposit Scheme – Discussion Paper Review (Published February, 2016)

WSROC – Western Sydney Airport EIS Review Submission – Waste and Recycling (Published December, 2015)


Western Sydney news articles:

Beat the heat: Western Sydney tackles the urban heat island effect (Sydney Morning Herald, January 2016)

Sydney weather: The heat just keeps on coming with warm start to autumn ahead (Sydney Morning Herald, February 2016 - Includes a short video explaining the UHI effect)


WSROC media releases:

Media release: West throwing away $14 million each year (Published, 30 June, 2016)

Media release: WSROC welcomes federal action on urban heat (Published, 22 January, 2016)

Media release: Concrete jungle brings sizzle to the suburbs (Published, 14 January, 2016)


[i] NSW Government Office of Environment and Heritage. Urban Heat. Available from: